학술논문, 교정, 번역, 워크숍 등에 대한 문의사항이나 궁금하신 점이 있으시면
언제라도 글을 남겨주세요.
The plaintiff agreed ______ settle outside of court.
The correct answer is b) to.
Be careful with these tricky expressions. Agree on, agree to, and agree with cannot be used interchangeably.
“Agreed on” means that after consultation, two or more people have come to a decision. Notice that the preposition “on” cannot be immediately followed by a verb, and that the opposite expression is “disagreed on”.
The children agreed on what to buy their parents for Christmas.
The teachers disagreed on their contract for the next school year.
“Agreed to” is used to say that someone has committed to a course of action. “Agreed to” is typically followed by the base form of a verb. Note that we cannot say “disagreed to,” but we can say “did not agree to” followed by a verb.
He agreed to meet her at the coffee shop.
He did not agree to meet her at the coffee shop.
(x) He disagreed to meet her at the coffee shop.
Generally, you should avoid using a noun following “(did not) agree to”. Nevertheless, in casual speech, you may occasionally encounter that structure with a noun. Native speakers would interpret casual sentences like these by considering in context what the activity related to the noun would be. For instance:
He agreed to a meeting. (May be interpreted as “He agreed to attend a meeting.”)
He did not agree to a pizza. (May be interpreted as “He did not agree to order/eat a pizza.”)
Note that we cannot use “disagreed to” + noun, even in casual speech.
(x) He disagreed to a meeting. (Cannot be interpreted.)
“Agree with” indicates that two people have the same opinion, or that a person approves of something. “Agree with” is typically followed by a person or idea. The opposite sense can be expressed using “disagree with”.
I agree with Bob that we should wait a month to buy a new car.
Some of the cabinet members disagreed with the president’s approach.
We hope you found this edition of Compecs Connection most agreeable.
Which sports expression means “angry” in slang?
b) teed off
The correct answer is b) teed off. This term comes from golf, and it literally means that a golfer hit a golf ball that was perched on a tee. In colloquial language, however, it means that someone is very angry.
Lee was really teed off at his wife for spending so much money.
Selection a) blind-sided comes from American football. In football, it literally indicates that a player was knocked down by an unseen opponent. In everyday English, we use ‘blind-sided” to express shock or surprise, especially upon hearing bad news.
Tom was completely blind-sided by the news that his company was filing for bankruptcy.
c) Tackled is a past tense verb that comes from soccer. When the player holding the soccer ball is knocked to the ground by one or more opponents, we say he was tackled. Idiomatically, to tackle means to attempt a difficult project. Note that tackled is used as a verb, and we would not likely use the participle “tackled” in the adjective position.
The office manager tackled difficult projects, while new employees were given easier work.
We hope you enjoyed today’s Compecs Connection. Tune in next time to tackle a new language puzzle.
Which of the following choices does NOT fit the sentence?
It was raining so hard that I got ___________.
d) sopping wet
Expressions a) soaked, b) drenched, and d) sopping wet conjure the image of something completely saturated with water, like a heavy, wet sponge; or a person whose clothes are heavy with water or hair so wet that water is dripping from it. We often use these expressions if we have been caught in a very heavy rain without an umbrella, but we would not use these expressions to say that we are wet from a bath or a shower. In that case, we might say that we are “dripping wet”.
Your clothes are soaked! Could you please wring them out in the bathtub?
I can’t believe this weather! I got drenched just going from my house to the car.
I got caught outside in a downpour. My socks and shoes are sopping wet.
c) soggy, however, does not fit the sentence. “Soggy” means that something is moist, damp, or wet throughout, but not quite as wet as sopping, soaked, or drenched. Also, in American English, we generally use the word soggy to refer to objects but not to people.
My dryer must be broken because my clothes feel soggy.
Yuck. My food is soggy.
We hope you enjoyed today’s Compecs Connection. Stay dry!
Which expression do we NOT use when outdoor air is hot and moist?
It’s __________ outside.
The word d) damp should not be used to refer to a hot day. Dampness indicates a high level of moisture in the air. It is used in a collocation with “cold.”
As usual, Seattle is cold and damp today.
The word c) humid also indicates a high level of moisture in the air. However, humid is used in a collocation with “hot.”
As usual, Bangkok weather is hot and humid.
a) sweltering and b) boiling are also weather words used to indicate that the temperature is extremely hot and uncomfortable. These terms are usually used to refer to outdoor temperatures, especially weather that is both hot and humid. Sweltering and boiling may also be used in an exaggerated sense to emphasize that an indoor room is uncomfortably hot.
It’s boiling hot in Atlanta today.
Seoul is often sweltering in August.
We at Compecs hope you have a pleasant day!
What does play-by-play mean?
a) Two children who play alongside each other but do not interact
b) A theatrical performance with multiple acts, separated by an intermission
c) Detailed commentary about a sporting event while it is being played
d) A live music concert in which two groups perform sequentially
The correct answer is c).
Americans love sports and there are many expressions and metaphors in English that originated in the sporting world. The term “play-by-play” is one of them.
In sports, a “play” is a choreographed and rehearsed sequence of moves planned for use against opponents during a game. A play in basketball, for example, might involve two teammates passing the ball back and forth on one end of the court, and then surprising their opponents by throwing the ball to the other end of the court where a third teammate is waiting beside the basket.
A “play-by-play” is a continuous monologue delivered by an announcer who provides a moment-by-moment explanation of a sporting event while it is in progress. The announcer may talk about plays, players, turnovers of the ball, and other ongoing actions in great detail.
In colloquial English, the term “play-by-play” means that someone is providing a very detailed description of an action or event (unrelated to sports). We might use the expression in this way:
I don’t need a play-by-play—just give me a summary.
What happened at the meeting? Could you give me a play-by-play?
We hope you enjoyed today’s entry. See you next time at Compecs Connection!
__________ measures have reduced stroke occurrence among the elderly.
Both b) and c) are correct.
a) Prevent is a verb. It cannot precede the word “measures” in this sentence as “measures” is serving as the noun-subject and “have reduced” is serving as the verb phrase. The preceding blank can only be filled by one of the adjective forms of prevent.
b) Preventive and c) preventative can be used interchangeably in American English. Here both are adjectives meaning ‘protective’ or ‘designed to avert’.
Please join us next time at Compecs Connection.
Which of these verbs is acceptable in American English?
Only b) conversate is an official word in American English, though it is non-standard in some dialects.
In standard American English, we use the following verb-noun pairs:
consult (verb) – consultation (noun)
pronounce (verb) – pronunciation (noun)
Consultate and pronunciate are not considered words.
In the following similarly-patterned word groups, there are 2 optional verb forms:
converse (verb) – conversate (verb) – conversation (noun)
orient (verb) – orientate (verb) – orientation (noun)
Though conversate and orientate are both found in the dictionary they are rarely heard in American English; converse and orient are strongly preferred. Orientate, however, is common in British English.
We hope you will continue to consult Compecs Connection for your English editing needs.
He developed lung cancer from _______ smoke.
The correct answer is c) secondhand.
When used to describe products that have been previously owned by someone else, the words “used” and “secondhand” are mostly synonymous. There is no difference between used books and secondhand books, for example.
However, in the sample sentence, we are not describing smoke that has been previously owned, but rather are referring to smoke that emanates from someone else’s cigarette (as opposed to our own). In this context, secondhand is not the opposite of new. It is closer to the opposite of “firsthand” which refers to something we learned or did by hearing, seeing, or experiencing it personally.
Here are some examples:
I witnessed a car accident (firsthand).
SECONDHAND (someone else’s)
She developed lung cancer from secondhand smoke.
I bought a new car; it was made in 2021.
I bought an old car; it was made in 1945.
USED (previously owned)
I bought a used car with only 50,000 miles on the odometer.
SECONDHAND (previously owned by my cousin)
I bought a car secondhand from my cousin.
Note that there are some common collocations which reduce the use of the synonym in certain expressions. For instance, while “used books” and “secondhand books” are both standard, equivalent expressions, “used textbooks” (not “secondhand textbooks”) is the typical collocation found in college bookstores. There are also “used car” lots, but not “secondhand car” lots, whereas a thrift store may sell “secondhand shoes” but not “used shoes,” which sounds peculiar to some American ears.
We hope you enjoyed the entries in this week’s Compecs Connection.
The bookshelf is a mess! Please ________.
a) arrange it
b) make arrangements
c) order it
d) place an order
e) clean it
The correct answer is a) arrange it. To arrange something is to organize it in proper order. In English, we commonly arrange our schedules, arrange the contents of messy drawers, or arrange furniture in a room.
Be careful with expression b) make arrangements. With a definite article, the expression “to make the arrangements” simply means to prepare something necessary, such as paperwork or flight schedules. However, without the definite article, “make arrangements” is typically used to refer to funeral preparations.
c) order it means to request or command something. We can order a hamburger at a restaurant or order our children to take out the garbage. To “put something in order” means to arrange it.
d) To place an order is an expression we use most commonly when we are purchasing something in a restaurant or online. We place the order with the server and then wait for the food to be delivered to our table, or we place an order online and wait for the product to be to be delivered to our address.
e) clean it does not align with the context of the sample sentence. The sample sentence “The bookshelf is a mess” does not mean that the bookshelf is dirty and needs cleaning. It means that the books or contents on the shelf are disorganized and need to be arranged properly.
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